Rehabilitation & Renovation of crop trees in cocoa, coffee, palm oil


Over the past years, IDH and partners have come a long way in training and organizing tree crop smallholder farmers around Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and social and ecological performance. These efforts have been paying off: results of 10-30% yield increase have been reported. Nonetheless, it is believed that to realise a real boost of farm productivity at smallholder farm level, renovation and/or rehabilitation (R&R) of the plantations is required. This includes more intensive and appropriate use of fertilizers and other inputs, pruning/stumping/grafting and replanting of trees. For a farmer to apply these interventions and reach the desired state of improved tree productivity, he/she often needs to overcome a prolonged period of low cash flow.

In the years to come, IDH aims to boost R&R smallholder schemes with public and private partners. It therefore wishes to better understand how R&R schemes could work, especially given the challenges of the investments required at farmer level. To do this, it wishes to tap into the experiences from existing R&R models.

To gain more insight into (good) practices in R&R schemes, IDH assigned Rabo International Advisory Services (RIAS) to execute a fact-based analysis of existing R&R schemes for smallholder tree crop farming in coffee, cocoa and palm oil.

Objective of the Study

The objective of the fact-based analysis of existing R&R schemes for smallholder tree crop farming is to get insight into the approach, main (financial) challenges and solutions – including the period of low cash flow, key success factors and how to scale and replicate such R&R activities. The focus of the study is limited to existing R&R schemes in coffee, cocoa and palm oil smallholder farming. Download the report below.